With decades of experience testing and blending to industry standards, Lube-Tech's internal infrastructure not only test to standards, but also produce custom formulas tailored to the specific needs of manufacturers that often far exceed industry standards. Some of our abilities include:
The American Petroleum Institute represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry. They provide blend standards for automotive and light truck engine oils. Lube-Tech Custom Brands is part of API’s Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System and uses the API “donut” on its labeling.
The Japanese Engine Oil Standards Implementation Panel determines oil standards for 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines on a global scale. In North America JASO is relevant mostly to 2-stroke and 4-stroke motorcycles. Lube-Tech Custom Brands blends to current JASO standards including JASO MA, MB, and FD.
The National Marine Manufacturers Association works with industry leaders to develop oil standards for both 2-cycle and 4-cycle marine engines. The NMMA also works with industry leaders to develop testing standards and criteria to validate engine oils for use in marine applications. Oils that are tested and proven to meet NMMA requirements receive a license for the formula from the NMMA.
The International Lubricants Standardization and Approval Committee was formed in 1992 and consists of representative of Daimler Chrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, General Motors and the Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association. They work to define the need, parameters, licensing and administration of lubricant specifications. As a result, they formed the EOLCS (Engine Oil Licensing Certification System.)
The American Gear Manufacturers Association is a voluntary association of companies that was developed to set standards for the design, manufacture and application of gears and related components including lubricants.
The Atomic Emission Spectrometer uses an electric current to detect additives, contaminants, and wear metals in fluids. The current is sent through a carbon rod to a carbon disc, which is rotating through a sample of the fluid. As the sample passes through the current, the fluid is atomized by the heat (5000-6000°C) and the individual atom's electrons are excited. As the electrons fall back to their ground states, they emit light at characteristic wavelengths. A detector picks up this light and determines the concentration of each individual element.
The Cold Crank Simulator (CCS) is a solid-state, thermoelectrically-cooled, fully-automatic test instrument for the determination of cold-cranking viscosity of engine lubricants. The CCS measures the apparent viscosity of oils at temperatures from –35°C to –5°C within a viscosity range of 1500 mPa·s to 27,000 mPa·s. The simulator mechanism contains a temperature-controlled rotor/stator test mechanism and a constant metering, positive displacement piston pump which transfers the oil samples from the sample bottles to the rotor/stator assembly via an injection tube. This simulation serves to determine the apparent viscosity of engine oils at low temperatures and shear rates similar to those at starting conditions of cold engines.
The Sonic Shear test is used to evaluate the shear stability of hydraulic oil that contains polymeric viscosity modifier. A sample of hydraulic oil is sheared by a sonic oscillator for a certain amount of time. The change in viscosity of the fluid after shearing can be used to determine the shear stability of the fluid.
The Falex Pin & Vee Block Test Machine is an instrument designed to test the lubricating and extreme pressure properties of a fluid. A rotating pin is immersed in the test fluid and compressed between two v-shaped blocks under gradually-increasing pressure. The instrument is used to measure at what load the lubricating film fails, determined by when the system seizes, up to 4500 pounds of pressure. Lube-Tech primarily uses the Falex Pin & Vee Block Test Machine as a means of testing our metalworking fluids. Although it does not replicate any machining processes, it is an excellent means of testing film strength and extreme pressure properties of a lubricant, two key performance metrics for metalworking fluids.
The ICP-MS, or Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer, uses an argon torch to ionize samples, which are then sorted and counted by the mass spectrometer. Its job is to determine the concentrations of metals as well as some non-metals at concentrations ranging from very high to less than 1 part per billion (ppb). Lube-Tech utilizes this instrument in used oil and water analysis in its recycling program.
The Gas Chromatograph is an instrument that identifies compounds in a sample by separating its component parts from one another before hitting a detector. Complex samples are separated by having them travel through special tubes called columns. The compounds in the sample behave differently with temperature and the walls of the column, causing them to separate as they travel before reaching the detector. From the information gathered we can perform fuel distillations as well as determine some information on the identities of hydrocarbons, halocarbons and other compounds.
The Brookfield Viscometer is used to measure more viscous (thinner) fluids, or for fluids that need to be measured at a much lower temperature. This instrument uses a calibrated spindle that rotates in the fluid. The resistance of the fluid on that spindle determines the viscosity of the fluid.
A viscometer is an instrument used to measure the viscosity of a fluid. The Kinematic Viscometer does this by recording the time it takes for a fluid to flow between measured marks in a calibrated tube. Viscosity is a measure of the “thickness,” or flowability of a fluid. Viscometers only measure under one flow condition, so we have multiple temperature baths for testing viscosity. The standard is to measure viscosity at 40C and 100C. The Viscosity Index (VI) of a fluid is then calculated using these two measurements. The higher the VI the lesser the viscosity change over temperature.
Karl Fischer is the standard laboratory test to measure the water content of mineral base fluids. In this method, water can be measured accurately under 50ppm.
This instrument is used to test the quenching ability of an oil, which is important in heat treating metals. In this test an extremely hot probe is placed in a bath of the test fluid and the Quenchalyzer collects data while cooling. The test provides a “quench curve,” which reveals the cooling rate and quenching speed of the oil.
The Pour Point Apparatus is a freezer that is used to measure the lowest temperature at which an oil or fluid is observed to flow. Under this test, the sample is slowly brought down in temperature in five-degree increments. Pour point is the temperature at which the oil or fluid in a test vessel shows no movement when the container is held horizontally for five seconds.
The X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer is a non-destructive analytical technique used to determine the elemental composition of materials. XRF analyzers determine the chemistry of a sample by measuring the fluorescent (or secondary) X-ray emitted from a sample when it is excited by a primary X-ray source. This test measures performance additive levels like chlorine and sulfur.
Fuel dilution uses the idea that the fuel in the headspace above the fluid is proportional to the amount of fuel in the fluid. The head space gas is pumped over a selective membrane and is reversibly absorbed. The frequency change in a soundwave passed through the membrane is measured and the concentration of fuel is calculated.
Fluid containing the particles is passed through two viewing windows. Two different monochromatic, polarized beams are shone through these windows. The diffraction of these beams is measured and particle size is determined from these measurements. The counts of particles at 14µm, 6µm, and 4µm are given coded values using ISO 4406 for reporting purposes.
Total Acid Number (TAN) and Total Base Number (TBN) are calculated using titration methods. A known mass of fluid is dissolved in a solvent specific to the titration being tested. A specific reagent is added and the pH is monitored until an endpoint is reached. Results are reported in mg KOH/g fluid.
Cold Filter Plugging Point (CFPP) is the lowest temperature, expressed in degrees Celsius (°C), at which a given volume of diesel type of fuel still passes through a standardized filtration device in a specified time when cooled under certain conditions.
Innovative Fluid Development And Ongoing Laboratory Support That Guarantee The Best Fluids In The Industry